Do you know the fact that Tuberculosis is a disorder which can affect almost anyone? Estimates say that nearly one-third of the population in all countries has been affected by tuberculosis. Today, this disease is considered as one of the major causes of death next to cardiovascular diseases. Even now, this disease still remains one of the major health problems feared all over the world. That is reason why it is very important to know about tuberculosis treatment.
Firstly, this is an infectious disease. It is caused by mycobacterium germ. This disease can affect others as the microorganisms can travel from one person to another through air. That is the reason why when TB patients sneeze or cough or even spit, it is better to be very careful because the bacteria get into the air. Other people who inhale the air they might inhale the bacteria too. Children might get affected if parents suffer from TB.
Patients who suffer from chronic TB might infect at least 10 people in a span of a year. A bacterium which is the main cause of this disease enters the person’s lungs and accumulates there. Later on, these microorganisms spread to other parts of the body and that is the reason why other organs will also be affected. Kidney, lungs, brain, bones, and many other parts of the body can be affected later on. In some cases, the germs stay dormant for a while and that is the reason why some patients do not show any symptoms in the starting stage.
Once the immunity of the person goes down, the impact of TB increases. When it comes to the symptoms, patients might experience severe cough. Sometimes, the phlegm of the person coughing might contain blood. Other symptoms are weakness, loss of weight, reduced appetite, shortness of breath, night sweats, and severe fever for a long period of time.
If the infected person is a child, it is very important to go for a tuberculin test. When it comes to tuberculosis treatment, the patient needs to go for medication and also good food in order to recuperate the immune system. The treatment process involves the killing of the microorganisms. Antibiotics are also used to treat the patient. Actually, the cell walls of the microorganisms make it quite tough to treat the problem even with the usage of antibiotics. That is the reason why strong antibiotics are used.
Actually, it might take months to completely eliminate the bacteria from the patient’s body. In order to endure for 6 to 9 months, the patient needs to consume healthy food because without the support of the immune system it would be quite tough to endure both the damage caused by the bacteria as well as the antibiotics. It is important to admit the patient to a hospital and ensure that the whole treatment procedure is completely successful. Though it takes time, at the end, it is possible to completely eliminate the bacteria from the body of the patient.